Syllabus of CSS Exams 2023

If you are seeking answers to your confusion about how to prepare for CSS examinations and which subjects to take, then you have come to the right place. We will share the syllabus and details for CSS exams.

The CSS (Central Superior Services) exams are a competitive examination held annually in Pakistan to recruit individuals into various civil service positions. The exams are highly competitive, with only a small percentage of applicants being successful each year.

The CSS exams are held annually in February, with applications typically opening in September of the previous year. Those interested in applying for the CSS exams in 2023 should prepare well in advance, as the competition is fierce and the syllabus is demanding.

Eligibility Criteria for CSS Exams

CSS exam eligibility requirements vary depending on the specific requirements of the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), which administers the exams. However, there are some general requirements that all candidates must meet to be eligible to apply for the CSS exams. 

These include:

  • Citizenship: Candidates must be citizens of Pakistan.
  • Age: CSS candidates must be between 21 and 28 on the first day of the exam year.
  • Educational Qualifications: Candidates must have at least a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.
  • Physical Fitness: Candidates must be physically fit and meet the medical standards set by the FPSC.
  • Domicile: Candidates must meet the domicile requirements set by the FPSC, which vary depending on the province or territory in which they reside.

Candidates who meet these general eligibility requirements can apply for the CSS exams. However, it is important to note that meeting the eligibility criteria does not guarantee acceptance into the CSS exams. The competition is high, and only a small percentage of applicants are successful each year.

Syllabus of CSS Exams 2023

The syllabus for the CSS exams is extensive and covers a wide range of subjects. It includes six compulsory and optional subjects, which candidates can choose from over 40 options. 

1. Compulsory Subjects (600 Marks)

CSS exams include compulsory subjects, which play an important role in the overall selection process. These subjects cover various topics designed to test candidates’ knowledge and ability in various areas. Candidates must have a solid understanding of these subjects and be able to apply their knowledge to real-world situations. 

The compulsory subjects are as follows:

Sr No Subject Pattern Marks
1 English Essay The candidates are required to write one or more essays in English. There will be a wide variety of topics available. 100
2 English (Precis and Composition) I. Precis Writing – 20 Marks
II. Reading Comprehension – 20 Marks
III. Grammar and Vocabulary – 20 Marks
IV. Sentence Correction – 10 Marks
V. Grouping of Words – 10 Marks
VI. Pairs of Words – 10 Marks
VII. Translation – 10 Marks
3 General Science & Ability Part-I (General Science) – 60 Marks
I. Physical Sciences
Constituents and StructureProcess of NatureNatural Hazards and DisastersEnergy Resources

Atomic Structure

Modern Materials/Chemicals

II. Biological Sciences
The Basis of Life


Plant and Animal Kingdom

A Brief Account of Human Physiology

Common Diseases and Epidemics

New Model Concept of Producing BIO Fuel Method

III. Environmental Science

Atmospheric Pollution

Water Pollution

Land Pollution

IV. Food Science
Concept of Balance Diet

Quality of Food

Food Deterioration and its Control

V. Information Technology
Computer (Hardware & Software Fundamentals)


Part-II (General Ability) – 40 Marks
VI. Quantitative Ability/Reasoning
VII. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Reasoning/Ability
Logical Reasoning

Analytical Reasoning/Ability

VIII. Mental Abilities

4 Current Affairs I. Pakistan’s Domestic Affairs (20 marks)
PoliticalEconomicSocialII. Pakistan’s External Affairs (40 marks)
III. Global Issues (40 marks)
5 Pakistan Affairs II. Ideology of Pakistan
II. Land and people of Pakistan
III. Pakistan and Changing Regional Apparatus
IV. Nuclear Program of Pakistan
V. Regional Cooperation Organizations
VI. Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan
VII. Economic Challenges in Pakistan
VIII. Non-Traditional Security Threats in Pakistan
IX. Pakistan’s Role in the Region
X. The Palestine Issue
XI. Changing Security Dynamics for Pakistan
XII. Political Evolution Since 1971
XIII. Pakistan and US War on Terror
XIV. Foreign Policy of Pakistan Post 9/11
XV. Evolution of Democratic System in Pakistan
XVI. Ethnic Issues and National Integration
XVII. Hydro Politics
XVIII. The national interest of Pakistan
XIX. Sovereignty challenges
XX. The energy problems in Pakistan
XXI. Relations between Pakistan and its neighbors
XXII. Relations between Pakistan and India
XXIII. Issues related to Kashmir
XXIV. Afghanistan’s war since 1979 and its impact
XXV. Proxy Wars: Role of External Elements
XXVI. Economic Conditions of Pakistan
XXVII.The Recent Constitutional and Legal Debates
XXVIII. Strategies for addressing Pakistan’s social problems.
6 Islamic Studies OR
Comparative Study of Major Religions (For Non-Muslims)
I. Introduction to Islam.
Concept of IslamImportance of Din in Human LifeDifference between Din and ReligionDistinctive Aspects of Islam

Islamic Beliefs & its Impact on Individuals & Society and the Fundamentals of Islam

Islamic Worships Spiritual, Moral, and Social Impact.

II. Study of Sirah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Role Model for



Military Strategist

Peace Maker

III. Human Rights & Status of Women in Islam
Women’s Rights and Status in Islam

The dignity of Men and Women

IV. Islamic Civilization and Culture
Meanings and the Vital Elements

Human Personality and Community: The Role of Civilization

Characteristics of Islamic Civilization (Tawhid, Self-purification, Dignity of Man, Equality, Social Justice, Moral Values, Tolerance, Rule of Law)

V. Islam and the World
Impact of Islamic Civilization on the West and Vice Versa

Islam’s role in modern society

The Muslim World and Contemporary Challenges

The rise of extremism

VI. The concept of public administration in Islam
The Quranic Guidelines for Good Governance

The Qur’an, the Sunnah, and the Fiqh in relation to Governance

Islamic Governance Structure (Shura, Legislation, Islamic Law Sources)

Hazrat Umar’s (RA) and Hazrat Ali’s (RA) letters to different authorities under the Pious Khilafat.

Civil servants’ responsibilities

Accountability system in Islam

VII. An Islamic code of life
Islamic System: Key Features

The social system

System of government

The economic system

System of Judiciary

The administrative system

Ijma and Ijtihad Procedures

Religions in Comparative Perspective (For Non-Muslims
I. Introduction to Different Religions
II. Hinduism
Historical Background


Hindu Doctrines

Ways to Liberation

Hindu gods

Major Hindu Sects

Hindu society

Hinduism in the Modern World

III. Buddhism
Historical Background


Buddhist Sects

Buddhism in the Modern world

IV. Judaism
A brief history of Jews and Judaism

Jewish Scriptures

Articles of faith and basic teachings

Jewish holidays and festivals

Jewish holidays and festivals

Jewish sects and movements

V. Christianity
Historical background


Basic Doctrines

Christian Sects

Christian Festivals and Holidays

Christian worship and Sacraments

Christianity in the Modern Times

VI. Islam
Introduction and Historical Background

Sacred Scriptures

Basic Doctrines and Creed

Basic Doctrines and Creed

Other Teachings of Islam

Sects and Schools

Contemporary Islamic movements and tendencies

Total 600

Related:-  PMDC MDCAT Syllabus 2022 PDF Download

2. Optional Subjects (600 Marks)

In addition to six compulsory subjects, candidates can choose four optional subjects from a list of over 40 options. These optional subjects cover many topics, such as history, economics, political science, sociology, psychology, law, agriculture, and more.

Candidates need to have a strong foundation in their chosen optional subjects and possess real-world application skills. The optional subjects are an integral part of the CSS exams and play a significant role in the overall selection process. 

If you are considering applying for the CSS exams, you should carefully select your optional subjects and ensure that you thoroughly understand them.

Check:-  10th Class Result 2023


There are 5 subjects in group-I. Candidates can choose one subject from Group-I’s list of optional subjects. This subject will be worth 200 marks and an important part of the overall CSS exams. 

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Accountancy & Auditing 200
2 Economics 200
3 Computer Science 200
4 Political Science 200
5 International Relations 200


There are 6 subjects in group II. The subjects in this group can be chosen as one 200-mark subject or two 100-mark subjects. 

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Physics 200
2 Chemistry 200
3 Applied Mathematics 100
4 Pure Mathematics 100
5 Statistics 100
6 Geology 100


There are 4 subjects in group III. Among these subjects, you may select one for 100 marks.

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Business Administration 100
2 Public Administration 100
3 Governance & Public Policies 100
4 Town Planning & Urban Management 100


There are five subjects in group IV. Among these subjects, you may select one for 100 marks.

Sr No Subject Marks
1 History of Pakistan & India 100
2 Islamic History & Culture 100
3 British History 100
4 European History 100
5 History of USA 100


Group V consists of seven subjects. You may select one for 100 marks out of these subjects.

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Gender Studies 100
2 Environmental Sciences 100
3 Agriculture & Forestry 100
4 Botany 100
5 Zoology 100
6 English Literature 100
7 Urdu Literature 100


Group VI consists of seven subjects. You may select one for 100 marks out of these subjects.

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Law 100
2 Constitutional Law 100
3 International Law 100
4 Muslim Law & Jurisprudence 100
5 Mercantile Law 100
6 Criminology 100
7 Philosophy 100


Group VII consists of eleven subjects. You may select one for 100 marks out of these subjects.

Sr No Subject Marks
1 Journalism & Mass Communication 100
2 Psychology 100
3 Geography 100
4 Sociology 100
5 Anthropology 100
6 Punjabi 100
7 Sindhi 100
8 Pashto 100
9 Balochi 100
10 Persian 100
11 Arabic 100

General Instructions

  • It is important to answer questions in regional languages ( Urdu or other Pakistani dialects like Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, and Balochi), Persian and Arabic. Answer the question according to the instructions on the question paper if it concerns translation from another language into English or vice versa. 
  • Those subjects with 200 marks will have two papers with 100 marks each. Those subjects with 100 marks will have one paper. Each paper will be 3 hours long. 
  • There will be 20 MCQs in each compulsory paper except for the essay paper. Similarly, there will be 20 MCQs in each optional paper except Pure Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. 
  • The question paper in Islamic Studies OR Comparative Study of Major Religions (For Non-Muslims) is to be answered in English or Urdu only. All other papers must be answered in English unless otherwise directed in the Question Paper. 
  • In the case of non-Muslim candidates, they may choose either Islamic Studies or Comparative Study of Major Religions.

Tips for Selecting Optional Subjects in CSS Exams

Here are some tips to help you select optional subjects for the CSS exams:

  1. Consider your strengths and interests: Choose subjects you are passionate about and have a strong foundation in. This will not only make the studying process more enjoyable, but it will also increase your chances of success in the exams.
  2. Research the demand for each subject: Some subjects may be more in demand than others, depending on current trends and the needs of the government. Researching the potential for each subject can help you make an informed decision.
  3. Consider the difficulty level of each subject: Some subjects may be more challenging than others, so it’s important to choose subjects that you feel comfortable with and are confident in your ability to succeed.
  4. Check the syllabus and exam format: Make sure you fully understand the syllabus and exam format for each subject you are considering. It will help you determine if the subject is a good fit for you and if you can complete the required coursework.
  5. Seek advice from mentors or professionals: Consider seeking advice from mentors or professionals in the field you are interested in. They can provide valuable insights and guidance on the subject selection process.

Overall, it’s essential to choose optional subjects that align with your strengths, interests, and career goals. Careful consideration and thorough research can help you make an informed decision and increase your chances of success in the CSS exams.

Preparing for the CSS exams requires dedication, hard work, and a strong foundation in the relevant subject matter. Candidates should carefully consider their choice of optional subjects, as these play a significant role in the overall selection process.

Success in the CSS exams is highly competitive, with only a small percentage of applicants being successful each year. However, a civil service career can be successful with determination and a thorough understanding of the syllabus.

This article contains all the information you need about the CSS syllabus. We welcome your questions and comment.


Q: Can I choose any optional subjects for the CSS exams in 2023?

Ans: Candidates can choose any optional subjects from the list provided by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC), which administers the CSS exams. 

It is essential to carefully consider your choice of optional subjects, as these play a significant role in the overall selection process. Candidates should choose subjects that align with their strengths and interests and have a strong foundation in the relevant subject matter.

Q: How can I prepare for the CSS exams in 2023? 

Ans: To prepare for the CSS exams 2023, you must have a solid foundation in the relevant subject matter and be able to apply your knowledge to real-world situations. 

It is also important to stay up-to-date on current affairs and understand Pakistan’s history, culture, and politics well. Practicing past exam papers and seeking guidance from mentors or professionals can help prepare for the CSS exams.

Q: Do I need a bachelor’s degree to apply for CSS? 

Ans: Yes, it is necessary to have an accredited bachelor’s degree to be eligible to apply for the CSS exams in 2023. Candidates must also meet other eligibility requirements such as age, citizenship, and physical fitness.


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